Controversy arises when the issue of possible causes of, and also solutions to, these variations are discussed. Of course, there is an argument on the other side of the coin, as well, that states that black individuals are much more likely to commit crimes, and that is why there are more of them in the prison system.
Diminishing racial disparity in the criminal justice system is nearly impossible because of the extant of final jurors in decision making and moreover, discrimination is a naturally occurring social inequality. Minority children and adolescents are more likely than whites to be poor and to live in unfavorable environments.
Sonja Starr's research on federal criminal cases suggests. In contrast, in the UCR, this percentage is only 2 percent. Gates realized that he could not open the front door to his house he asked his limousine driver, who happened to be Africa American as well, to help him with the door.
Furthermore, the prison population disproportionately consists of minorities and low income citizens. For example, in a study conducted in Florida found that while racial disparity subsisted, blacks were significantly 3. Therefore, blacks are disproportionately incarcerated not because of the racial bias but because of their lack of resources and their low socioeconomic status.
This is true no matter what the race or ethnicity of the person, but it appears to be more pronounced in individuals who are part of a minority group.
African Americans are two and a half times as possible to be arrested as whites. Is it that black individuals commit more crimes, or is it that they are treated unfairly by the justice system. Examining Risk Factors to Account For Racial Disparity There is scant research that examines the extent to which risk factors explain racial disparity.
Economic risk indicators also reflect differences between whites, Hispanics and blacks. Allegedly, there is no more discrimination because it is not supposed to be legal to discriminate, but it is still something that takes place in many areas of life, and that difference between discrimination and disparity is what will be addressed here.
The findings lend support to the group-position theory of race relations. The findings of the research are Latinos and blacks are more severely sentenced than comparably situated whites for lower-level crimes such as drug crimes and property crimes. Harr and Hess,p An example of contextual discrimination is reflected in an instance when a harsher means was used by the police to apprehend a minority Latino or African American than his counterpart adversary who was white.
Racial-discrimination theories hold that racial incarceration disparity is caused by the discriminatory actions of racially biased actors in the criminal justice system.
Gates is indicative that there is more to race and inequality that simply along economic divisions. The problem arises when "the Criminal Justice System discriminates against these groups of citizens" Henslin Critical issues that are part of the science behind criminality and the racial and ethnic disparities in that criminality still exist Biswanger, et al.
He justifies this position by stating that since the crime was victimless, and since there exists such a disparity in sentencing procedures between crack and powdered cocaine, there is no question that the jury nullification is the preferable option.
Racial Disparity in Sentencing Racial disparity in sentencing in the criminal justice system is a problematic issue.
Individuals often believe that racial disparity in sentencing does not exist; however, substantial proof in the criminal justice system proves otherwise. This paper analyzes and discusses disparity and discrimination in the criminal justice system, from policing, arrests, charging, prosecuting, sentencing and imposing prison terms.
In particular, it looks at how Blacks and Latinos experience discrimination. Jan 16, · Disparity vs Discrimination I feel that the topic of Disparity vs Discrimination is an appropriate topic as this weekend we celebrate the 83rd birthday of the Great Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Disparity is based on factual information, such as in one being unequal in rank, degree or difference. Robert. Sampson and Janet L. Lauritsen Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Crime and Criminal Justice in the United States ABSTRACT Although racial discrimination emerges some of.
Racial Disproportionality in the American Prison Population: Using the Blumstein disparity is not necessarily tantamount to discrimination. Disparity only denotes a incarceration is more important than other aspects of the criminal justice system that negatively affect racial and ethnic minorities.
Next, we explain Blumstein’s method.
RACIAL DISPARITY IN SENTENCING: A REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE INTRODUCTION The intersection of racial dynamics with the criminal justice system is one of longstanding duration. In earlier times, courtrooms in many jurisdictions were comprised.Disparity discrimination criminal justice system essay